Wine and Cheese

Sliced cheese
Photo by Megan Baggott

Wine and cheese are two of life鈥檚 great culinary pleasures, and finding the perfect match can be a delicious endeavor. As with any wine and food pairing, there are a number of considerations, such as texture, acidity, fat and tannin. Rather than complicating the topic with exotic matches like Garrotxa and Meursault, we鈥檝e broken the art of wine and cheese pairing down, so you can create your own.

Wine and Cheese Pairing Guide

Wine and cheese pairing possibilities are endless. To simplify the strategy, cheeses can be divided into six categories.

Fresh: Soft and rindless, these can be made with cow, goat or sheep milk. They鈥檙e not aged and have a mild, slightly tangy flavor. While a log of bright white goat cheese is iconic, the category also includes farmer鈥檚 cheese, ricotta and others that come in tubs.

Bloomy: These are named for the bloom of white mold on the outside. They tend to be the richest and creamiest type of cheese, with a soft, spreadable texture. The rind is edible, and it has a stronger, funkier flavor than the interior.

Washed Rind: A bath in brine, beer or wine produces a distinct orange rind. They鈥檙e rich and creamy, and they can be soft or semi-soft in texture. They鈥檙e funkier than bloomy cheeses, with gamy, often pleasantly pungent notes.

Semi-Soft: They鈥檙e not spreadable, nor do they break in shards like a hard cheese. They tend to be creamy and fairly mild in flavor. Many are excellent to melt and perfect to slice. Some cheeses like Gouda are semi-soft in younger styles, while when aged, their texture turns hard.

Hard: The product of aging, these are quite firm and break into crumbles or shards. They tend to have nutty and complex savory notes. Some are fairly pungent and salty.

Blue: Veins of blue mold run through these. They can be soft and creamy, or semi-soft and crumbly. Some are sweeter and milder, but all pack a good deal of sharpness and tang.

All you need to know about Fresh聽Cheese

Mozzarella: Although not creamy or soft, it鈥檚 best consumed quickly after production for a sweet, grassy creaminess and semi-soft texture.

Burrata: A mozzarella exterior gives way to a luscious, milky center of mozzarella scraps mixed with cream.

Ch猫vre (goat): This spreadable, crumbly cheese has a pleasant tang and a rich, dense texture.

Feta: Brine-cured feta is tangy and assertive in its saltiness. It should have a foundation of creamy and nutty flavors to back up its salt.

Ricotta: This was born of thrift: Italian cheese makers didn鈥檛 want to waste whey from hard-cheese production, so they鈥檇 add it to milk. The result is sweet, creamy and mild.

Other fresh cheeses: Mascarpone, Stracchino, Boursin, very young Selles sur Cher

Wine and glasses

White Wine Pairings

  • Crisp, dry and young bottlings (Albari帽o, Soave, Pinot Blanc, Muscadet, Vermentino, Verdejo, Arneis, Sauvignon Blanc, young Chardonnay)
  • Off-dry wines (Gew眉rztraminer or Riesling) for salty cheeses like feta

Red Wine Pairings

  • Very young, fruity, unoaked red wines (Loire Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Valpolicella, Zweigelt)
  • Crisp, dry ros茅.

Classic Pairings

  • Mozzarella di Bufala and Greco di Tufo
  • Ch猫vre and Sauvignon Blanc de Touraine

All you need to know about Bloomy Cheese

Bloomy cheese

brie cheese
Brie: Ultra-creamy and buttery, with hints of fresh field mushroom.

cemembert cheese
Camembert: Very creamy, but with more concentrated earthy flavors and pungency with age.

robiola cheese
Robiola: Often made with a mix of cow, sheep and goat milks, it鈥檚 mild and luscious, marked by tang and saltiness.

Other bloomy cheeses: Chaource, Coeur du Neufchatel (both cow), Crottin de Chavignol (goat)

champagne and glasses

White Wine Pairings

  • Dry, traditional-method sparkling wines (brut Champagne. NV for young cheese, vintage for riper, more pungent cheeses)
  • Light-bodied, dry, unoaked Chardonnay (Chablis).
  • Restrained, dry, light-bodied Sauvignon Blanc (Sancerre)
  • Dry, young Riesling, dry Chenin Blanc (Vouvray), Gr眉ner Veltliner
  • Aged Hunter Valley Semillon or textured white Rh么ne varieties (Marsanne and Roussanne, specifically Ch芒teauneuf-du-Pape Blanc) for ripe, pungent cheese

Red Wine Pairings

  • Dry and light-bodied wines that are young, fruity and unoaked (Pinot Noir, Dolcetto, Barbera, Gamay, Cabernet Franc from the Loire, Bonarda, Menc铆a, Zweigelt)

Classic Pairings

  • Crottin de Chavignol and Sancerre
  • Chaource and Champagne

All you need to know about Washed Rind Cheese

Washed Rind cheese

fontina cheese
Fontina: Rules dictate when cows can be milked for this cheese, which ensures enough creaminess to balance its funk.

epoissis cheese
Epoisses:聽Despite a funky odor, this soft, rich cheese scoops like warm butter and has a delicious, tangy flavor.

reblochon cheese
Reblochon: This raw-milk cheese has to be aged in cellars or caves in France鈥檚 Savoy Mountains. This provides a grassy, herbal tinge that complements its richness.

taleggio cheese
Taleggio: One of the milder washed-rind cheeses. It has a dense, sticky texture, gentle yeast and grassy notes.

Other washed-rind cheeses: Langres, Chaume, Livarot, Munster, Vacherin de Mont d鈥橭r

wine bottles and glasses

White Wine Pairings

  • Dry, traditional-method sparkling wines (brut Franciacorta, brut California bottlings)
  • Dry and off-dry, unoaked white wines (Gewurztaminer and Pinot Gris from Alsace, Chenin Blanc from the Loire)
  • Dry, structured whites (Marsanne and Roussanne, mature Hunter Valley Semillon, Riesling from Clare or Eden Valley, Australia) for ripe, pungent cheese

Red Wine Pairings

  • Beaujolais Villages
  • Pinot Noir
  • Poulsard or Trousseau from Jura

Classic Pairings

  • Munster and off-dry Gew眉rztraminer
  • Reblochon and Chignin Blanc
  • Epoisses and Chambertin (said to be a favorite of Napoleon)

All you need to know about Semi-Soft Cheese

Semi soft cheese

gruyere cheese
Gruy猫re: Often seen melted atop French onion soup, it鈥檚 delicate, and offers notes of hazelnut and brown butter.

gouda cheese
Gouda: This offers mild, nutty flavors with a bit of tang, along with a rich, dense texture.

havarti cheese
Havarti: Creamy and buttery, it gets sharper and earthier with a bit of age.

Other semi-soft cheeses: Provolone, Edam, Morbier, Mimolette

wine bottle with glasses

White Wine Pairings

  • Dry, white wines with a touch of oak (Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Rioja)
  • Condrieu

Red Wine Pairings

  • Gutsy, rustic, crunchy wines without much oak (C么tes de Rh么ne, Corbi猫res, St-Chinian, Chianti, Menc铆a, young Bordeaux blends)

Classic Pairings

  • Gruy猫re and Vin Jaune de Savoie

All you need to know about Hard Cheese

Hard cheese

cheddar cheese
Cheddar: It鈥檚 bold and nutty, with a hint of sweetness. It gets crumbly, sharper and salty with age.

doubleglouchester cheese
Double Gloucester: Colored orange by annatto seeds, this has apricot and grass notes.

parmesan cheese
Parmesan: This gets better with age, as its grassy, nutty and salty flavors intensify.

pecorino cheese
Pecorino: Made from sheep milk, this has pronounced gamy flavors and tang, balanced by brown butter notes.

Other hard cheeses: Manchego, Grana Padano, Beaufort, Cantal, Emmenthal, Sbrinz, Comt茅

wine bottle and glasses

White Wine Pairings

  • Vintage traditional-method sparkling wines (Champagne, Franciacorta) for younger cheese
  • Sherry (Amontillado, Palo Cortado)

Red Wine Pairings

  • Bold wines with some age (Nebbiolo, Sangiovese, Aglianico, Rioja or Bordeaux blends from cooler climates like Bordeaux or Margaret River)

Classic Pairings

  • Manchego and Amontillado Sherry
  • Pecorino Toscano and Chianti Classico

We Recommend:

All you need to know about Blue Cheese

Blue cheese
cambozola cheese
Cambozola: Born in Germany, this combines Italian Gorgonzola with the French method of making a triple-cr猫me cheese for an exceptionally mild, creamy delight.

danish blue cheese
Danish Blue: Semi-soft and with a good deal of creaminess, this is one of the more pungent options. It delivers a sharp funk from beginning to end.

gorgonzola cheese
Gorgonzola: Depending on age, this can be semi-soft or firm and crumbly. It possesses a sweet nuttiness and pronounced saltiness to balance out its funk.

roquefort cheese
Roquefort: The culture used to produce this sheep-milk cheese is used in blues throughout the world. It鈥檚 a strong, salty cheese with a sharp bite and crumbly, semi-soft texture.

stilton cheese
Stilton: Dense and almost fudgy in texture, it has a distinct peppery sharpness in addition to the standard blue funk.

Other blue cheeses: Fourme d鈥橝mbert, Bleu d鈥橝uvergne, Cabrales

blue cheese

White Wine Pairings

  • Milder blue cheeses like Cambozola share the same potential matches as bloomy cheeses.
  • Noble Rot sweet wines (Sauternes, Barsac, Monbazillac, Riesling Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese, Quarts de Chaume) for sharp, salty cheese
  • Dessert wines from dried grapes (Vin Santo, Juran莽on, Recioto de Soave)
  • Late-harvest wines (Riesling Sp盲tlese or Gewurztraminer Vendanges Tardives) for cheeses not overtly pungent

Red Wine Pairings

  • Sweet, fortified reds (Vintage Port, LBV Port, Maury, Banyuls)

Classic Pairings

  • Roquefort and Sauternes
  • Gorgonzola Piccante and Vin Santo
  • Stilton and Port

All you need to know about Baked and Fondue Cheese

Baked cheese
Photo by Meg Baggott
baked cheese
Raclette and baked Camembert
wine glass and bottle

White Wine Pairings

  • Alpine white wines (Swiss Chasselas, Chignin, Jacq猫res, Arbois)
  • Crisp, dry, light-bodied white wines (Muscadet, Chablis, Pinot Blanc)

Red Wine Pairings

  • Light, fresh, crunchy wines (young Pinot Noir, Gamay, Mondeuse, Zweigelt)

Classic Pairings

  • Swiss Fondue and Fendant


Illustrations by Julia Lea

Published on March 26, 2015
Topics: Wine and Cheese